霍城| 淮阳| 岳阳市| 昔阳| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 谷城| 宁都| 巴东| 盐都| 方正| 华坪| 金湖| 藁城| 高阳| 保定| 仁怀| 临湘| 丰城| 枣强| 民勤| 金堂| 德清| 宝应| 沁县| 河北| 霸州| 广饶| 木里| 射洪| 肇州| 景谷| 浦江| 泽库| 白银| 茶陵| 慈溪| 下花园| 茶陵| 西沙岛| 郾城| 三台| 九龙| 浮山| 泗县| 阜新市| 阿克苏| 江门| 武功| 柏乡| 会同| 图们| 漳县| 达坂城| 路桥| 屏东| 普洱| 天津| 新宾| 闻喜| 屯昌| 沙洋| 南京| 建平| 白河| 维西| 民乐| 呼兰| 上犹| 华坪| 滨海| 平塘| 花溪| 南充| 宜兴| 侯马| 木兰| 桐柏| 辰溪| 海丰| 宁海| 上饶县| 新泰| 吴桥| 芜湖县| 安塞| 西峰| 宁乡| 汝南| 鹿泉| 德保| 宿州| 大埔| 上虞| 大新| 宁都| 阿勒泰| 汤原| 枣阳| 晋中| 仁寿| 治多| 德钦| 海原| 淮阳| 奉贤| 湟中| 京山| 临西| 东海| 竹溪| 小河| 民乐| 景德镇| 海伦| 拜泉| 沈阳| 沽源| 蕲春| 岑巩| 勉县| 扎囊| 海伦| 泰兴| 札达| 海晏| 荣成| 五营| 枝江| 鹤山| 句容| 呼兰| 广南| 赣榆| 成都| 扎囊| 翼城| 龙岗| 赤城| 温江| 凌海| 梓潼| 政和| 聊城| 株洲市| 唐县| 珙县| 岚县| 南通| 永济| 扎鲁特旗| 开原| 岚山| 彭水| 凭祥| 沈阳| 潼关| 淄博| 谷城| 丰都| 乌拉特前旗| 崇左| 新青| 吉隆| 本溪满族自治县| 加格达奇| 长白| 南陵| 赤城| 龙州| 常州| 桦川| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 建平| 青县| 荣昌| 万宁| 云浮| 长清| 邗江| 会理| 汉口| 定州| 宝山| 武鸣| 柳林| 鄂托克前旗| 集安| 浠水| 丰宁| 瓮安| 大英| 青白江| 藁城| 牟平| 尉犁| 长白| 淮滨| 罗城| 随州| 峡江| 西青| 布拖| 本溪市| 恭城| 行唐| 古浪| 新民| 天等| 林州| 桂东| 延吉| 广水| 吴忠| 胶州| 同德| 民权| 扎囊| 冀州| 普陀| 兴平| 张北| 桓仁| 来宾| 蒙阴| 泰安| 平远| 双柏| 普兰| 陵县| 广东| 措美| 云安| 眉山| 本溪市| 兴县| 理塘| 翼城| 类乌齐| 株洲县| 阳谷| 鄂州| 马尔康| 敦煌| 高陵| 九龙| 沙县| 万年| 仙桃| 巫山| 辰溪| 宝鸡| 浙江| 武夷山| 丰城| 太原| 江山| 高安| 高邑| 临夏市| 汝阳| 惠东| 新洲| 田阳|

新余:小车翻进水沟警民抬车救人

2019-09-15 15:29 来源:寻医问药

  新余:小车翻进水沟警民抬车救人

  Foreignfinancingviabonds,andREITs,expandcapitalinflowsintopropertyOverseasfinancingofChineserealestatecompaniessurged107percentyear-on-yeartoreach$,industryinsiderssaid,showsagrowingforeigninterestinChineserealestatedevelopersaswellaslocalplayers,,partofwhichwasraisedthroughbondssoldtoforeigninvestors,ZhangDawei,chiefanalystofpropertyconsultancyCentaline,,financefrombanksandtrusts,overseasbondissuancebecameapopularoptionforcompanieslookingforshort-termfinancing,,PolyRealEstateGroupissuedthree-yearmedium-termnotesusedforthepropertyrentalbusiness;CifiHoldingsGroupissuedseniornotesvaluedat$500millionthatwillexpirein2021,;($236million):landtoreduceproportionofdividends,,thereismorepolicysupportnowforpropertyassetsecuritization,,theMinistryofHousingandUrban-RuralDevelopmentandtheChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionreleasedadocumenttoencouragedeveloperstoraisefundsfortherentalbusinessthroughrealestateinvestmenttrustsorREITs,,improveefficiencyofcapitalandpromotedevelopmentoftherentalmarket,,aREITcanletshareholdersenjoythereturnsfromrentalincome."REITsfeaturestrongeranti-inflationcapabilitysincerealestatehasproveditselftobeastableassetamidthefluctuationsofmarket,"saidaninvestmentadvisersurnamedLifromaShanghai-basedrealestateinvestmentcompany."Therelativelyhigherrateofreturn-about6to7percent-andlowerriskcanhelpordinarypeopletootoenjoytheprofitfrompropertyindustrysdevelopment."Besides,,itcanencouragemoreinvestmentfrombankstoserverealeconomy,suchasadvancedmanufacturingindustry,Lisaid."Debtratiocanreach70to80percentinsomelistedpropertycompanies,andREITscanhelpmaintaintheircashflowbypayinginvestorsbonuswithacontinuousincomefromrental."ThoughREITshavebeenwidelyusedinsomedevelopedmarketssuchastheUnitedStatesandSingaporesincethe1960s,,over37countriesandregionshaveputforwardREITsproductsworldwide,whosescalereachedover$2trillionin2017,d  ChinaiscloselywatchingtheoutbreakofEbolaintheDemocraticRepublicofCongo(DRC)andstandsreadytoofferhealthprofessionalsandexpertsifasked,,headofChinasNationalHealthCommission,isleadingtheChinesedelegationtotheWorldHealthAssembly(WHA),hesaid"WeareverymuchconcernedaboutthedevelopmentoftheoutbreakofEbolaintheDRC."TheDRCslatestconfirmationonSaturdayincreasedthenumberofpeopleaffectedbyEbolainthecountryfrom17to21."Asyouallknowin2014whentheEbolaoutbreakoccurredinWestAfrica,theChinesegovernmentandthepeoplemadeaquickresponseand...wesentexpertsandpublichealthprofessionalhelpingtheWestAfricancountriestodealwiththeEbolaoutbreak,"intheDRCand"wherenecessaryonrequest"thegosEmergencyCommitteeof11expertssaidinastatementonFridaythattherapidandcomprehensiveresponsehadeasedtheriskfromtheDRCEbolaoutbreak."Interventionsunderwayprovidestrongreasontobelievethattheoutbreakcanbebroughtundercontrol,","Globalsolidarityamongthescientificcommunityiscriticalandinternationaldatashouldbesharedfreelyandregularly."MasaidthatChinais"watchingverycloselytheacademicexchangesintheworldontheEbolaoutbreakandwearereadytoshareourexperienceduringthe2014outbreak."HesaidthatChin,wholeadstheHealthEmergenciesProgramatWHO,toldjournalistsFridaythattheEbolaWestAfricaoutbreaktwoy,causingmorethan11,000deathsinnearly30,000cases,accordingtoUNstatistics.  

sileprograms,vowingto,-basedconservativethinktank,"newIranstrategy,"i,PompeosaidIranmustreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endtheproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast."ngaroundtheworldandcrushthem,"saidPompeo."IranwillneveragainhavecarteblanchetodominatetheMiddleEast.",Pompeosaid"thesewillbethestrongestsanctionsinhistorybythetimewearedone.""Thestingofsanctionswillonlygrowmorepainfuliftheregimedoesnotchangecoursefromtheunacceptableandunproductivepathithaschosen,"hesaid."WewillalsoensureIranhasnopossiblepathtoanuclearweapon--ever."PompeosaidthattheUnitedStateswantedabetterdealtoaddressitsconcernsonIran."AnynewdealmustbeginwithdefiningwhattheworldshoulddemandfromIran,"hesaid."Americadidnotcreatethisneedforchangedbehavior,Irandid."OutliningthebidtoestablishaninternationalcoalitiontopressureIran,Pompeosaid"wewantsupportofourmostimportantalliesandpartnersintheregionandaroundtheglobe.""Wewelcomeanynationwhichissickandtired"ofIransbehavior,henoted,ad,"thehighestlevel"ofeconomicsanctionsonTehranandinflictpunishment"sanctions,orities."TheUnitedStatesEuropeanallies,whichhavemanyeconomiclinkswithTehran,cepttheUnitedStatesplayingtheroleofthe"worldseconomicpolice,""vassals"that"obeydecisionstakenbytheUnitedStateswhileclingingtothehemoftheirtrousers.""breaksthetrustintheinternationalorder."Althoughthedealwasfarfromidealandmanyissuesstillremainunresolved,,,Chine"inthelong-termandoverallsituationinaresponsiblemanner,persistinsolvingandmanagingdifferencesthroughpoliticalanddiplomaticmeans,andreturnassoonaspossibletothecorrecttrackofcontinuingtoimplementthecomprehensiveagreement.""Abigger,betterdealisapipedream,"saidRobertEinhorn,aformerStateDepartmentofficialandnon-proliferationexpert,s"realobjectiveisnotreallyabigger,better,deal,therealobjectiveistoputimmensepressureonIran",Einhornpredictedthat"newsanctionswontbeascripplingasthoseputinplacein2012,"partlybecauseothercountries"stronglyoppose"Trumpsdecisiontoabrogatethedeal."Othercountrieswilldefyorignoresanctions,andlookforworkarounds,"Einhornsaid.  截至2009年6月底,境内联网商户达135万户,联网POS机具达211万台,联网ATM机达18万台,分别是银联成立前2001年的9倍、倍和倍,一个规模化的银行卡受理网络在我国已经形成。

  目前已和国内工商银行、农业银行建设银行、招商银行、上海浦发银行等各大商业银行以及中国邮政、VISA国际组织等各大机构建立了战略合作,成为金融机构在网上支付领域极为信任的合作伙伴,支付宝现已有超过1亿的会员用户。RussianPresidentVladimirPutinandvisitingIndianPrimeMinisterNarendraModidecidedtostepupeconomicandenergycooperationonMondayduringthetalksintheBlackSearesortofSochi,"long,frank,friendly"Putin-Moditalksthatthetwoleaderspaidparticularattentiontotheeconomiccooperation,surethesolideconomiccomponentofasummittobeheldinIndiainearlyOctoberthisyear,,Russia-Indiatradeincreasedabout20percentin2017andgrewsome40percentinthe"firstmonths",includingoil,liquefiednaturalgasandpeacefuluseofnuclearenergy,xtremism,separatismandterrorism,hesaid."Therewasadiscussionaboutvariousareasofourspecificcooperationattheregionalandgloballevel,"Lavrovsaid,addingthatRussiaandIndiahadconfirmedtheywillstronglyopposeattemptstopoliticizetheworkoftheOrganizationfortheProhibitionofChemicalWeapons(OPCW).TheOPCWisresponsibleforaninvestigationintoallegedchemicalweaponattacksinSyria.  

  支付宝直接付款流程:进入订单页面选择支付宝付款点击去支付宝付款选择直接付款选择支付银行并输入Email输入银行卡信息确认完成。ProsecutorssuenetizenforinsultingmartyrTheprocuratorateofEastChinasJiangsuProvincefiledapublicinterestcaseonMondayagainstalocalnetizenwhoallegedlyinsultedamartyrwhodiedinafire,whichananalystbelieveswillcontributeto"societyorderconstruction."ThisisthefirstpublicinterestlawsuitfiledbyaprocuratorateaftertheLawontheProtectionofHeroesandMartyrswasadoptedinApril,,anewssiteundertheSupremePeoplesProcuratorate,roupsonMay14againstXieYong,thefiremanwhodiedinarescuemissionataneighborhoodinHuai,saying"mnotevenscaredofbeinginjail."Hewaslaterplacedincriminaldetention."Zengwillfaceacriminaljailterminaccordancewiththelaw,"ZhiZhenfeng,alegalexpertattheChineseAcademyofSocialSciencesinBeijing,,asacontributortosociety,er,,,glorifyinvasions,withoffendersfacingadministrativeorcriminalpenaltiesdependingontheseverityoftheiractions,theXinhuaNewsAgencyreported.  

ChinassouthernmostislandprovinceofHainanlauncheda100-dayeventstartingonMay20toattractglobalinvestmestop500companies,leadingindustrialconglomeratesandinternationallywell-knownenterprisestostartprojectsontheislandorestablishheadquartersorregionalheadquartersinHaikou,capitalofHainan,orSanya,aholidayresortcityatthesoutherntipofHainan,vestmentinthedevelopmentofaheadquarterseconomy,serviceagencies,industrialparkconstructionplatformsandindustrialprojects."Keyareassetforenticinginvestorsincludetourism,high-efficiencytropicalagriculture,medicineandhealthcare,modernfinancialservices,newandhigh-technologies,conventionandexhibition,oceaneconomy,infrastructure,revitalizationofruralareasandprotectionoftheecologicalenvironment,",whichwillcontinuetolateAugust,isoneofthemeasuresannouncedtoimplementtherequirementssetbythecentralgovernmenttowelcomeinvestorsfromaroundtheworldtopartic,whilecelebratingthe30thanniversaryofHainansdesignationasaprovince,thecentralgovernmentunveiledplanstotransformitintoapilotinternationalfreetradezoneandgraduallyexplorebuildingafreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristics."The100-dayeventtoattractienttoensurethesuccessfuldevelopmentoftheHainanpilotfreetradezone(port),whichpresentlydoesnothaveawell-developedeconomy,"iciesforenterprisesandinternationalorgrpriseinnovation,anditwillfurtheradvanceconstructionofinfrastructureontheisland,,Hainanannouncedaplantowooamilliontalentedindividualsfromhomeandabroad,dprogressinbuildingtheChina(Hainan)PilotFreeTradeZoneandfreetradeportwithChinesecharacteristicsandexploringanewopeneconomicsystem.  

  Special:WiththeShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)roundingoffafruitfulsummitinthiseasternChinesecoastalhub,thecross-continentalinstitutionsfirstsummitafterIndiaandPakistanjoinedChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,,,theSCOhasgrownintothelargestregionalorganizationforcomprehensivecooperationintheworld,,i,asthesummitdemonstrated,havethewilltotakeontheirresponsibilities,,cooperation,equality,openness,inclusivenessandmutualbenefit,andworkwiththeUnitedNationsandotherinternationalandregionalorganiz,includingthelandmarkQingdaoDeclarationandafive-yearactionplanforimplementingtheTreatyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,heSCOmembershavefurtherenhancedpoliticalmutualtrustandreachednewconsensusonthedirectionandguidelinesoftheSCO,theSCOhasunwaveringlyadheredtoitsbedrockprinciple--theShanghaiSpirit,whichfeaturesmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,,SCOmembershavecarriedoutproductivecooperationinvariousareas,includingsecurity,smembers,andturnedtheins,thecombinedGDPoftheSCO,,,SCOcountries,sworld,,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingofferedChinasinsightsonsecurity,development,cooperation,civilizationandglobalgovernance,whichhavesguidelinesthattheorganizationhasenjoyedimpressivegrowthandbecomeamodelforbuildingtheChina-championednewtypeofinternationalrelations,whichfeaturesmutualrespect,fairnessandjustice,,theSCOwillcertainlymakenewstridestowardanevenbrighterfutureand,undertheguidanceoftheirpoliticalconsensus,theSCOmembersaresettofurthercementtheirsolidarityandthebasisoftheorganization,,thesubstantialachievementsoftheQingdaosummit,alongwithpreviousagreements,willinfusemorevigorintotheall-roundcooperationamongSCOmembers,andunlockmoreoftheorganization,SCOleadershavealreadyagreedtoinitiateorstrengthencooperationinsuchareasascounternarcotics,tourism,customs,tradefacilitation,foodsecurity,environmentalprotection,srisingroleandincreasinginfluenceintheworld,anSCOstridingtowardabrighterfuturewillbringbenefitsnotonlytotheregionbutalsototheworldatlarge.

  AstagephotoofSilkRoad,FlowerRain.()AstheSilkRoadweaveditswaythroughAsiaduringtheTangDynasty(618-907),linkingamyriadofculturesthroughtrade,,FlowerRain,aspectacularsetoffolkdancesfirstperformedin1979tocelebratethe30thanniversaryofthefoundingofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,makesuseofChineseandPersianmotifstotellastoryoflove,,amonth-longculturalcelebrationfêtingcountriesparticipatingintheBeltandRoadInitiative,,inclusivethemesofconnectivityandfriendship,thedancedramawasaperfectencapsulationofthefestivalsthemeandanexcellentuseoftheTianqiaoPerformingArtsCenter,SilkRoadfollowspainterZhangShenbi,hisdaughterYingniangandthePersianmerc,apsMogaoCavesserveasinspirationforthedancedrama,andduringoneactitisrevealedZhangcreatedtheseworkswhileservingoutanunfai,lettingtheirbodiesserveasconduitsfortheirartistry.PoliticalsympathyfromEuropewithIransnucleardealis"notenough"andtheyshouldtakemore"practicalsteps"toguaranteeIranseconomicinterestsfromthedeal,IranianForeignMinisterMohammadJavadZarifsaidonSunday."WiththeexitoftheUnitedStatesfromthenuclearagreement,expectationsfromthetheEuropeanUnion(EU)topreservetheachievementsofthedealarehigh,"ZarifmadetheremarksinameetingwiththevisitingEUsEnergyChiefMiguelAriasCanete."Underthecurrentcircumstances,politicalsupportofEuropetothenukedealisnotsufficient,"Zarifsaid."EUshouldtakefurtherpracticalstepstocontinueeconomiccooperationwithIran,"hesaid,addingthat"EUshouldboostinvestmentsinIran."HeexpresseddoubtthatEuropescommitmenttoimplementingthedeal,knownasJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),isincontradictionwiththewithdrawalofmajorEuropeancompaniesfromIran,,cooperationbetweenEuropeancompaniesandtheIslamicrepublic,,however,theEUsmessageistoprotecttheaccordanditsimplementation,,firstViceSpeakeroftheIranianParliamentAliMotahharisaidthatIraniangovernmentissatisfiedwiththerecenttalkswithitsEuropeanpartnersoverpreservingthenucleardealandsecuringIransforeignministerandhisnegotiationteamexpressedtheirsatisfactiononSunday,butsaidthat"everythingdependsontheresultsofthetalksinthenextweeks,",whereZarifbriefedthelawmakersontheongoingtalkswithFrance,Germany,BritainandtheEUForei"ThestepsthattheEuropeanshavetakeninthisregardsofarareacceptable,",HeadoftheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)AliAkbarSalehiurgedtheEuropeancountsinterests,whiseffortstosavethenuclearcontractshowthatthedealisaveryimportantagreementfortheregionandtheworld,,iftheEuropeansfailtoundertaketheirobligations,Iranhastopressaheadwithitspeacefulnucleardevelopmentwithfulldetermination,,,oncemore,provedtotheworldthatWashingtonisnotreliableinundertakingitsinternationalresponsibilities,,butitwillnotcauseseriousones,,Canetestressedthatpgreement,theEuropeanswillremaincommittedtoit,Canetesaid,,IransPetroleumMinisterBijanNamdarZanganehsaidonSaturdaythatIransoilexportswillnotbeaffectediftheEUrefrainsfromfollowingtheUnitedStatesinimposingneweconomicpressuresontheIslamicrepublic."soilexportsifEUcouldsalvagethedeal,"rupcomingdecisiontosecurememberssnucleardealandvowedtore-imposesanctions,includingoilembargo,"wewillhavetoaskfor(sanction)waivers,forcarve-outsforthe(European)companiesthatmakeinvestments."Besides,SalehisaidthathediscussedreapplyingEuropeanlawof"theblockingstatute""theblockingstatute"whichisa1996regulationthatprohibitsEUcompaniesandcourtsfromcomplyingwithforeignsanctionslawsandstipulates  

  在建设和运营银联跨行交易清算系统、实现银行卡联网通用的基础上,中国银联积极联合商业银行等产业各方推广统一的银联卡标准规范,创建银行卡自主品牌;推动银行卡的发展和应用;维护银行卡受理市场秩序,防范银行卡风险。

  AstagephotoofSilkRoad,FlowerRain.()AstheSilkRoadweaveditswaythroughAsiaduringtheTangDynasty(618-907),linkingamyriadofculturesthroughtrade,,FlowerRain,aspectacularsetoffolkdancesfirstperformedin1979tocelebratethe30thanniversaryofthefoundingofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,makesuseofChineseandPersianmotifstotellastoryoflove,,amonth-longculturalcelebrationfêtingcountriesparticipatingintheBeltandRoadInitiative,,inclusivethemesofconnectivityandfriendship,thedancedramawasaperfectencapsulationofthefestivalsthemeandanexcellentuseoftheTianqiaoPerformingArtsCenter,SilkRoadfollowspainterZhangShenbi,hisdaughterYingniangandthePersianmerc,apsMogaoCavesserveasinspirationforthedancedrama,andduringoneactitisrevealedZhangcreatedtheseworkswhileservingoutanunfai,lettingtheirbodiesserveasconduitsfortheirartistry.TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()A30-meter-tallmatryoshkadoll,deemedthelargestofitskindworldwide,hasbecomeamajorattractioninManchuria,China,anditissurroundedby30exquisiteEastereggtryosh,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()

  截至2009年6月底,境内联网商户达135万户,联网POS机具达211万台,联网ATM机达18万台,分别是银联成立前2001年的9倍、倍和倍,一个规模化的银行卡受理网络在我国已经形成。

  2008年全国银行卡跨行交易金额达到万亿元,是银联成立前2001年的50倍。

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.截至2009年6月底,境内联网商户达135万户,联网POS机具达211万台,联网ATM机达18万台,分别是银联成立前2001年的9倍、倍和倍,一个规模化的银行卡受理网络在我国已经形成。

  

  新余:小车翻进水沟警民抬车救人

 
责编:

独家版权是推动音乐正版化良药

2019-09-15 09:28:00来源:光明日报作者:张丰艳
 作者:张丰艳
  国际唱片业协会(IFPI)日前发布的年度报告指出,2016年中国音乐产业再创新高,跻身世界12强。与此同时,音乐平台独家版权是否制约音乐传播,是应当捍卫的权利还是应该打破的壁垒,再次成为争论的焦点。独家版权与自由传播虽然表面上相互对立,但实则相互促进。不少论者指出,中国音乐市场被认为是全球机遇,原因之一就在于正版化的音乐环境。 支付宝直接付款流程:进入订单页面选择支付宝付款点击去支付宝付款选择直接付款选择支付银行并输入Email输入银行卡信息确认完成。

  中国网络音乐自诞生之日起,就拥有相当程度的“自由”,没有平台为音乐版权付费,没有用户为音乐平台付费,导致中国网络音乐环境比较恶劣。虽然音乐消费看似无成本,但这种高度“自由”让整个音乐产业逐步陷入了恶性循环:内容公司缺乏投资原动力和文化创新力,网络平台难以保本纷纷转行或倒闭。

  之后,行业内部不得不做出调整。时至今日,腾讯音乐娱乐集团已与超过200家版权方达成战略合作,与超过30余家签订独家版权合作;阿里音乐、网易云音乐也纷纷采取行动签下了自己的独家版权。尽管从短期来看,独家版权抑制了音乐传播的速度与广度,下载多个APP也影响了用户的聆听体验,但从长远来看,一定阶段内的独家版权将成为繁荣产业的有效手段。

  独家版权有利于净化产业环境,培养公众付费意识。正因为与平台独家的版权合作,让音乐在版权上有了“主人”、有了关注,也有了今天的价值体现。各平台对自家作品维权,有力促进了有关部门对音乐版权的高度重视,推动了《关于责令网络音乐服务商停止未经授权传播音乐作品的通知》等一系列重要文件的出台,有力净化了版权环境,维护了合法版权持有者的应得利益。因作品下线造成用户无法聆听的“不便”,也成为唤醒用户音乐版权意识的契机。

  独家版权有利于提高内容收益,推动作品创新。几年前,网络音乐发展与盛行在很大程度上破坏了产业精品生态环境,盗版的猖狂和市场的无序严重制约了内容公司的资金循环,十几年持续探底的产值走向令产业人才大幅流失,音乐精品出现断层。独家版权的合作方式成为唱片公司扭转发展颓势的福音,独家版权的授权收益成为各大内容公司的主要盈利来源,为公司投入内容创新、打造精品提供了必要的储备资金。近两年产业的飞速发展,证实了独家版权对中国音乐产业的适用和助力。近90%数字音乐营收占比让中国成为数字音乐大国,流媒体年度30.6%的增长成绩再次让中国成为世界瞩目的焦点和效仿的对象。

  中国音乐市场面临的许多问题也是世界音乐产业的共同挑战。现在,作为音乐产业第一大国,美国仍在探索建立“全国音乐大数据库平台”的解决方案;欧盟正在推进帮助音乐创作主体缩减价值差的法案请求。各国都希望在流媒体时代探索合理科学的酬劳机制,开启良性的生态循环。对中国而言,即便传播是音乐社会属性的终极目标,当下建立用户对音乐的尊重,培养用户的付费习惯,是我们需要解决的源头问题。

  用户是音乐产业循环的起点,是消费主体,也是音乐传播循环的终点,是审美主体。独家版权并不是目的,而是驱动音乐正版化、维护市场秩序的重要策略,是培养用户付费意识、建立付费习惯的有效手段。有了循环起点的用户付费和资金积累,才能有今后的优秀作品、优质服务、公平分配和良性传播,最终才能实现用户可持续发展的良性审美体验。

  (作者:张丰艳 系中国传媒大学音乐与录音艺术学院副教授)

  

初审编辑:

责任编辑:牛乐耕

相关新闻
密云果园小区 奥体西门 红星楼居委会 栖霞桥 西北障
巴彦淖尔市国营苏独仑农场 共青经营所 梨园 上海松江区叶榭镇 新南路